What is PEMF
Most people recognize that oxygen, food, and water are extremely essential aspects of well being. Interestingly, very few folks understand that Magnetic Resonance Stimulation, (sometimes referred to as “MRS” or PEMF with means “Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields”), is also crucial for every living thing on Earth. Actually NASA, (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and RKA, (the Russian Federal Space Agency), have been using MRS and PEMF Therapy to help prevent magnetic deficiency disorders in their space-traveling explorers for many years. And, since the earliest space missions, many studies have shown that living human tissue and cells absolutely need PEMF.
When these magnetic fields are so important to life as we know it, why haven’t you heard of PEMF or MRS as often as you have the need to drive 8 glasses of water a day? Great question. In the past, people didn’t really need to concern themselves with PEMF. The Earth supplied adequate amounts and people lived a lot differently than we do now. They were outdoors more often and always receiving sufficient quantities of MRS naturally.
Recently, however, modern life has changed the way humans interact with nature and people have altered the Earth’s ability to produce PEMF. People have realized the benefits of PEMF Therapy and have increasingly sought out answers.
In the past, man lived outside or in buildings made of natural materials, (such as huts and adobe homes). Humans also spent a lot of time outside farming crops and hunting. But now, many people spend large quantities of time inside metal and concrete buildings. They work in them, shop in them, and go home to sleep in them. Many people no longer need to farm or hunt and may spend as little as 10% of their time actually outdoors. In the past, people travelled by horseback or on camels or other animals – outside and in touch with nature. But today, we find ourselves increasingly stuck in cars and subway cars and other metal and plastic and man-made modes of transportation. People also wear shoes, often with rubber soles rather than walking around barefoot or in shoes made from natural materials. All of these things separate us from the Earth’s natural PEMF.
Additionally, the PEMF that our planet IS producing is actually about 50% weaker than it was in the 1700?s. The reasons for this decline are unclear but some scientists believe it is linked to other environmental issues.
Our modern lives also bombard us with unnatural, (aka “bad”) PEMF from PCs, laptops, notebooks, cellular telephones, TVs, mp3 players and other devices.
Our bodies are being assaulted on all sides and may be literally starving for PEMF. PEMF bed supplies users with all-natural, Earth based PEMF.
This device allows peoples to bask in a relaxing bath of natural PEMF which allows to recharge the body’s batteries by restoring a natural balance to the body. The PEMF has been shown to be able to increase energy, improve mental focus, reduce pain, reduce inflammation, and allow folks to sleep better at night. It has also been a successful way to help prevent certain illnesses and even helps to facilitate relaxation and enhance people’s mood.
What the Japanese and Russians have known for decades, and what Americans are only just leaning, is that PEMF devices, PEMF offer the following benefits:
• Earth Energy: Provide all the cells of the body with the native energy that enables them to perform their designated tasks. Not recovering from your illness fast enough or getting sick too often? Your immune system may simply need an energy boost. This is health enhancement that is totally separate and apart from good, organic food and good, reputable supplements.
• Relaxation and Stress Reduction: Promotes better sleep, which is absolutely crucial to daily regeneration and sustainable wellness.
• Pain Reduction: Hard to believe, but PEMF can often create a noticeable, sometime dramatic reduction in pain levels in 20-40 minutes, even if your pain goes back many years. Try it to see the results for yourself.
• Organ & Tissue Repair: Whether caused by an acute injury or cumulative insult. Due for surgery? Get PEMF sessions before and after to accelerate your recovery.
• Anti-aging: PEMF promotes oxygen delivery, proper pH, circulation, elimination, and free radical mitigation — all of which keeps you younger, longer, both on a cellularlevel and in appearance.
• No Side Effects: How many drugs can you say that about? It was noted in a key double-blind study
on Osteoarthritis in 1993, published in the Journal of Rheumatology, that over a period of 17 years, more than200,000 patients had been in clinical trials with PEMF without any mentionable side effects. PEMF is 100% compatible with all foods, drugs, supplements, and artificial joints/metal implants. PEMF is contraindicated for pregnancy (no clinical study data), implanted electronic devices(eg. pacemakers), and seizure disorders (eg. epilepsy).
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy, PEMT. How does it work?
All living cells within the body possess potentials between the inner and outer membrane of the cell, which, under normal healthy circumstances, are fixed. Different cells, e.g. Muscle cells and Nerve cells, have different potentials of about -70 mV respectively. When cells are damaged, these potentials change such that the balance across the membrane changes, causing the attraction of positive sodium ions into the cell and negative trace elements and proteins out of the cell. The net result is that liquid is attracted into the interstitial area and swelling or oedema ensues. The application of pulsed magnetic fields has, through research findings, been shown to help the body to restore normal potentials at an accelerated rate, thus aiding the healing of most wounds and reducing swelling faster. The most effective frequencies found by researchers so far, are very low frequency pulses of a 50Hz base. These, if gradually increased to 25 pulses per second for time periods of 600 seconds (10 minutes), condition the damaged tissue to aid the natural healing process.
Pain reduction is another area in which pulsed electromagnetic therapy has been shown to be very effective. Pain signals are transmitted along nerve cells to pre-synaptic terminals. At these terminals, channels in the cell alter due to a movement of ions. The membrane potential changes, causing the release of a chemical transmitter from a synaptic vesicle contained within the membrane. The pain signal is chemically transferred across the synaptic gap to chemical receptors on the post-synaptic nerve cell. This all happens in about 1/2000th of a second, as the synaptic gap is only 20 to 50 nm wide. As the pain signal, in chemical form, approaches the post-synaptic cell, the membrane changes and the signal is transferred. If we look at the voltages across the synaptic membrane then, under no pain conditions, the level is about -70 mV. When the pain signal approaches, the membrane potential increases to approximately +30 mV, allowing a sodium flow. This in turn triggers the synaptic vesicle to release the chemical transmitter and so transfer the pain signal across the synaptic gap or cleft. After the transmission, the voltage reduces back to its normal quiescent level until the next pain signal arrives.
The application of pulsed magnetism to painful sites causes the membrane to be lowered to a hyper-polarization level of about -90 mV. When a pain signal is detected, the voltage must now be raised to a relatively higher level in order to fire the synaptic vesicles. Since the average change of potential required to reach the trigger voltage of nearly +30 mV is +100 mV, the required change is too great and only +10 mV is attained. This voltage is generally too low to cause the synaptic vesicle to release the chemical transmitter and hence the pain signal is blocked. The most effective frequencies that have been observed from research in order to cause the above changes to membrane potentials, are a base frequency of around 100Hz and pulse rate settings of between 5 and 25Hz.
Lecture abstract Dr. D. Laycock, Ph.D. Med. Eng. MBES, MIPEM, B.Ed.
The wonderful magnetic pemf therapy therapy has stunned health professionals a lot. The simple magnetic force which took more than a whole bunch of years for scientists to know is now recognized for its important advantages it gives to the human body. The magnetic force helps in reducing discomfort and ache and thereby, improves the general health. Because of the significance of magnetic discipline on the human physique the scientists have launched units that work on Pulsed Electro Magnetic Pressure or pemf therapy. These units help to enhance the move stage of the blood and it additionally scale back pain. One of the vital frequent problems that large number of individuals faces in their everyday life is that they feel discomfort after they have to sit down for a long time period. A PEMF therapy cushions or mats reduces stress and gives reduction instantly. The cushions or mats provide reduction from other kind of discomfort or physical stress as well. The health problems like indigestion, headaches and strained muscle mass, etc can all be treated with PEMF therapy. The PEMF therapy with its therapeutic effects relieves power pain. The cushion or mat has superior high quality of magnets inside it. These magnets are very secure and likewise very effective. Because the magnetic discipline is available in contact with the physique, a feeling of leisure is skilled and likewise the stress is minimized. Because the physique is relieved from the stress, a brand new vitality gets restored and thus, the physique is energized. The consumer of the PEMF therapy received t be capable of see these magnets but these are positioned in such a way that they offer maximum therapeutic value. The PEMF therapy additionally helps to combat frequent health problems that most people experience in their regular lives like migraine headaches, menstrual ache, osteoarthritis, power back pains, and etc. A temporary reduction from these problems can be achieved by taking medication but PEMF therapy might result in other health problems. pemf therapy is a secure methodology to eliminate these various problems. There are no negative effects hooked up to these problems and likewise, there is no such thing as a chance of overdose. The PEMF therapy for round 10 to 20 minutes every day may cause drastic change in your health. The PEMF therapy has shown many seen positive affects to our physique like: Decreased ache Improved circulation Improved sleep Nerves regeneration Improves the wound heal capacity Enhanced immunity system of our physique Helps to strengthen bones Prompt reduction from fatigue Reduces stress levels Reduction from muscle pressure.
Anybody can make use of this. Youngsters, adults and previous can profit from PEMF therapy. The pregnant girls and other people with pace makers are suggested to seek the advice of a health care provider before using these. To have a greater idea of assorted pemf therapy, you possibly can all the time undergo the reviews written by their users.
What is PEMF (Pulsed Electromagnetic Field) ?
Static magnets & DC generated magnetic fields: Produce uni-directional magnetic field – intensity is fixed. whereas AC current produces pulsating magnetic field- resulting in oscillating magnetic field adjustable frequency, which can produce required intensity creating sine or square waves as per user need generating a homogenous field facilitating creation of a suitable device.
All the cells of the body have a weak, natural electric current flowing through them. The currents are caused by electrically charged particles in the cells called ions. Ions affect the metabolism, or the work of the cell. PMFT is a method of applying a magnetic field to the cell which sends a weak electrical signal, influencing the interaction of the ions, and the flow of nutrients in the cell. Enhanced circulation and nutrient exchange can speed the healing process and reduce down time.
Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMFT), also called Pulsed Magnetic Therapy, is a reparative technique most commonly used in the field of orthopedics for the treatment of non-union fractures, failed fusions, and congenital pseudarthrosis. PEMF uses electrical energy to direct a series of magnetic pulses through injured tissue whereby each magnetic pulse induces a tiny electrical signal that stimulates cellular repair. Many studies have also demonstrated the effectiveness of PEMF in healing soft-tissue wounds; suppressing inflammatory responses at the cell membrane level to alleviate pain, and increasing range of motion. The value of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy has been shown to cover a wide range of conditions, with well documented trials carried out by hospitals, rheumatologists and physiotherapists. There are several electrical stimulation therapy devices, approved by the FDA, that are widely available to patients for use. These devices provide an additive solution that aid in bone growth and repair.
Pulsed Electromagnetic Wave Field Therapy, which has been used in Eastern Europe for over 60 years, is a non-static therapy, unlike therapy with magnets for instance, which is static.
PEMF therapy has been used to stimulate bone repair in non-union and other fractures since the 1970s and has been approved for this therapy by the USA’s FDA since 1982.
Many studies have been carried out worldwide, showing probable benefits of PEMF in aiding the healing of soft-tissue wounds, helping to suppress inflammatory responses at cell membrane level to reduce pain and increase range of motion.
Many thousands of people have used PEMF successfully across Europe and beyond for a wide range of pain related conditions.
PEMF influences cell behaviour by inducing electrical changes around and within the cell wall membrane.
Pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy creates ionic migration of essential chemicals and proteins from cells into the bloodstream, by agitating the cell wall membranes, which subsequently encourages the release of neurochemicals, which occur naturally in the brain, into the bloodstream. These endorphins have powerful analgesic properties as do enkaphalins, an endorphin having opiate qualities, that occurs in the brain,
PEMF also helps enhance the cell utilisation process in the body which in turn stimulates improved blood circulation, blood oxygen content, cell growth and blood vessel formation.
Pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy helps stimulate macrophage and pluripotent stem cell activity to prevent infection, accelerate scab formation and wound healing which is a significant part of the healing process.
In bone fractures, affected tissues generate small electric charges which are greater than those of less stressed matter, so that osteoblasts (polarised bone-laying cells) are attracted to these areas and begin to build up extra bone material to counter the stress. PEMF encourages this process.
Within the bone itself, the pulsed electromagnetic wave fields delivered causes the induction of small eddy currents in the trace elements, which in turn purify and strengthen the crystal structures which attract bone cells to the area under treatment, which therefore accelerates the bone healing process to allow earlier mobilisation and eventual full bone union.
Ligaments and tendons that are damaged can also be treated using pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy, as they are uncalcified bone structures in themselves.
PEMF works efficiently in optimising calcium transport, otherwise known as ionic migration.
Pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy may induce relaxation and reduction of stress levels which in turn can have a positive effect on those suffering from blood pressure problems. Pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy may reduce the acidity and viscosity of the blood and consequently improve blood circulation and help regulate blood pressure. This means that high blood pressure will become lower and low blood pressure will become higher. This regulation of blood pressure takes place during the first few minutes of each therapy session.
Jet lag can prevent normal sleep patterns but pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy may help rectify the problem by balancing out the body’s system to return it to its normal circadian rhythm (the body clock). When circadian rhythms (in the case of humans, the 24hr physiological process) are affected, as with jet lag, modulated seratonin or melatonin production using pulsed electromagnetic wave field therapy has been shown to normalise cellular processes, encouraging the body clock to revert to its normal pattern.
Constant wave low level lasers and static magnets have never been scientifically proven to penetrate the skin. But clinical research carried out for NASA proved that millisecond duration pulsed electromagnetic fields have the greatest beneficial effect on living tissues over any other energy form.
This is because pulsed electromagnetic waves pass through all types of body tissue including bone, without any refraction. The therapy also works unhindered through clothing and specialist medical dressings, including plaster casts. Studies on extremely low frequency pulsed electromagnetic wave fields have been shown to be beneficial in improving circulation, important in wound healing and encouraging fracture healing, in addition to the general amelioration of pain associated with a range of conditions. These lower frequencies are also encourage relaxation and encourage transport (ionic migration) of essential chemicals and proteins to damaged tissue. The cell ionisation process is further enhanced by the presence of essential fatty acids, amino acids, enzymes and oxygen in the bloodstream.
Application of this therapy is based on more than 60 years of worldwide research carried out by renowned scientists. In addition there are many years of practical experience by thousands of physicians, based on many scientific studies on the degree of effectiveness of Pulsed Electromagnetic Wave Field Therapy.
PEMF does not utilise magnets and is not magnetic therapy. Neither does the modality block pain signals to the brain as TENS machines or pain medications, which both only deliver temporary pain relief. TENS machines produce an electrical charge which permeates your skin and may eventually block the pain signals going to your brain. However, when TENS pads are removed from the skin, the pain can quickly return and even get worse in many instances. Over time, body tissues can develop resistance to TENS output requiring the settings to be increased, which in itself can cause even more discomfort than the original problem in some cases.
What is the difference between regular magnets and PEMF?
Our body’s natural magnetic field is created by the flow of electrically charged ions in and out of cells and the transmission of electric impulses through cell membranes. Only Pulsing ElectroMagnetic Field (PEMF) force and not static magnets can influence on a cellular level. The magnetic strength value of static magnets (expressed in Gauss value) is not relevant at all, since the measured field strengths of permanent magnets range from 300 gauss to 16000 gauss at the surface, at 2 cm distance around 10 gauss and at 10 cm distance; absolutely nothing. In addition static magnets cannot create any electrical induction at all without being mechanically moved the whole time!
When a magnetic field changes or pulses, it has the ability to induce a weak electrical charge into the cells of the body which is beneficial to the cells, giving them the energy they need to repair and reproduce(HEAL). This is not possible with a permanent magnet unless the magnet is moving in relation to the cells being exposed for example when the magnet is being applied or removed. Permanent magnets react only on the blood flowing past them, pulsed electromagnetic fields reacts on all living cells within the magnetic field. A permanent magnet can only give one polarity to a cell, the Pulse electro magnetic field utilizes unique saw tooth impulses with a north and south polarities, which all cells require. The Pulse electromagnetic field’s applicators are soft and comfortable, even to sleep on. A 30 minute session will give better results than having magnets taped to your body all day, and sleeping on ridged mattress and pillow filled with magnets at night. To compare the Pulse electromagnetic field to permanent magnets is like comparing a helicopter to a hang-glider or F-22 Raptor fighter plane with world war II fighter planes.
What are the side effects?
This is the beauty of PEMF: there are no side effects. Sometimes the patient might feel some tingling due to improved circulation but this is no contraindication. Some people have a nice warm and comfortable feeling during the therapy session. The Magnetron therapy is simple to operate with no serious negative side effects. New Users may experience cleansing symptoms such as alight nausea or headache due to toxins being flushed from the cells into the blood stream, a glass of magnetized water will relieve these cleansing symptoms in minutes. PEMFT is like physical exercise at the cellular level, muscles may become sore and feel like you over exercised if you use PEMFT to much to begin with. There has never been a report of someone being harmed by PEMFT.
What are the benefits of PEMF?
PEMF in and by itself does not necessarily heal anything-it merely aids the cells in creating an optimum environment in which the body can begin to heal itself. Magnetism is a wholly natural event. It is neither magic nor medicine. It allows body cells to exit at their best level. As a result, a person’s energy level will increase and he/she will sleep more restfully. In the treatment of sprains, broken bones, burns and cuts, not only does pulsed electro magnetic therapy aid in recovery but it quickly allows these conditions to heal better, quicker and with less scar tissue and better symmetry. In injuries, pulsed electro magnetic treatment has proven to decrease healing time by half or more. In the treatment of chronic conditions such as some forms of Arthritis, degenerative joint conditions, diabetic ulcers and cancers, Pulsed electro magnetic field therapy has shown dramatic results in aiding the reduction or reversal of the condition.
List of Diseases Treated
Burns (Unbelievable results heals in half the time or less)
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Chronic back and neck pain
Cirrhosis of liver AFP –VE
Delayed fracture healing
Diabetic ulcer & neuralgia
Fatigue syndrome Chronic
Healing after surgery (excellent result)
High Blood Pressure
Internal Bowel Bleeding
Knee and ankle problems
Low back Pain
Post heart Surgery Problem
Temporomandibular Joint Disease (TMJ)
SCIENTIFIC, MEDICAL AND CLINICAL STUDIES
ON THE EFFECT OF PULSATING ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS (PEMF)
SUMMARY OF PAPERS AVAILABLE AT THE
” Institut für Energie-Medizinische Systeme e.V.” – EMS Berlin international
INSTITUTE OF ENERGY MEDICINE IN BERLIN – GERMANY.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Bekhterev’s Disease – refer also to “Rheumatic Diseases”
Burns and Sunburn
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Coronary Heart Disease
Gastritis, Gastroenteritis and Peptic Ulcer
Gastroenterology – Intestinal Disease, Gastric Mucosa Injuries
Headache – Migraine
Influenza, Viral Infections
Injuries and Injury Rehabilitation
Menstrual and Menopausal Disorders
Myogelosis, Ischialgia, Lumbago and Muscle Strain
Necrosis of the Bones
Ovarian Inflammations and Cysts
Pancreatitis with PERT
Peripheral Occlusive Vascular Disease
Rheumatic Diseases – See also Arthritis, Arthrosis, Fibromyalgia.
Spinal Cord Injuries
Splayed Foot or Talipes Equinus
Sports Medicine – Diseases of the Motor Apparatus
Ulcers of the Skin
Urinary Tract Disorders, Bedwetting
More than 10,000 scientific papers have been published about the effect of PEMF. Many of the studies have been carried out in Russia and Eastern Europe, which is the centre of the international research on Pulsating Electro-Magnetic Fields (PEMF).
Many original publications of these studies are in the Russian language only and have been presented and published at Eastern European conferences. Russian research teams have been using low frequency Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields similar to the systems studied and endorsed by EMS (Institut für Energie-Medizinische Systeme e.V. – Institute of Energy-Medical Systems) in Berlin, Germany. Some of the research team are well known to EMS. We have therefore used the terminology PERTH for some of these studies.
Some of the enclosed studies were presented at the Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, June 1997, Bologna, Italy. Several of the studies were published in Western Medical Journals such as the Lancet and on the PubMed website.
The double blind, placebo controlled study of the “Therapeutic Efficiency Of Pulsating Energy Resonance Therapy (PERTH) In Patients With Vertebral Diseases” by Assoc. Prof. Marin Marinkev, MD, Assoc. Prof. Todor Kraev, MD, Dr. Stojan Kamenov and Dr. Antoaneta Georgieva of Physical Medicine, Higher Medical Institute, Plovdiv is enclosed in full.
Also enclosed is the summary of a study of the effect of PERTH on blood parameters by Prof. Dr. G. Schauf, Dr. Med. Schara, Dr. Med. Sell, Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Fachb. Medizintechnik, published 12/1994.
The overall effect of PERTH is best summarized by the foreword from the book “Energy Medicine” by Josef A. Plattner and Dr. Reinhard Werner, MD and by 2 abstracts of papers by C.A. Bassett; Bioelectric Research Centre, Columbia University, New York, of his publication “Fundamental and practical aspects of therapeutic uses of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs)” and “Beneficial effects of electromagnetic fields”.
The terminology PERTH has widely been used in Germany for fields which are similar to the bodies own electric force fields, created when muscle tissue and bone structures are exercised. Dr. Bassett and American literature describes the same fields as PEMFs.
General Effect of PEMF or PERTH
Foreword from the book “Energy Medicine” by Josef A. Plattner and Prof. Dr. Reinhard Werner, MD, PhD.
Pulsating electromagnetic fields can be a blessing and a curse to human life. They definitely have a large influence on all forms of life on earth.
There are more than 10,000 scientific publications plus numerous books written about the effects of electromagnetic fields on the human body. More than 1,000 dissertations have been written about the subject and more than 300 Professors are doing research in this wide field of science, which includes Biology, Physiology, Biophysics, Genetic Science and Medicine. In the last few years it has become evident that electromagnetic fields can be used for many therapeutic applications. Systems have been developed on the basis of scientific research, which use electromagnetic fields to stimulate the body’s own biological energy production. This inductive stimulation of the body’s own energy has become a new medical specialty resulting in the term “Energy Medicine”. Energy Medicine explains many phenomena, like the effect of the psyche on our health, as well as healing through the mind or even spontaneous healing.
Past literature was written by specialists for other specialists and for a small groups of interested physicians. Most doctors know little about these alternative medical therapies due to a lack of communication between biologists, physicists and medical personnel.
Energy Medicine is however an important component in Russian space medicine. Eastern Europe is the centre of scientific research and wide spread medical application of this modern therapy. In one institute in Sofia, Bulgaria alone there have been more than 100,000 successful treatments carried out during 1993 – 1996.
Recently PERTH became accepted in Germany. Following a period of close scrutiny by traditional medicine, many progressive doctors now use this form of therapy, which has been developed by modern medical technology using sophisticated computer supported systems.
The individual person has the largest advantage from using PERTH. It allows many people to take the initiative and be more responsive in preventing a health crisis. It is best to use PERTH on a regular basis, as prevention before any disease occurs.
New Energy Medicinal Diagnostic Systems can recognise the formation of a pathological condition in its early stages, much earlier than any other diagnostic method. This is a big step towards avoiding disease.
In the last several years we have been involved in the research and development of the medical uses of optimised PEMF. We are closely linked with several international universities. The audience response to countless lectures and seminars has made us realise that the time is ripe for educated people to take charge of their own personal well-being. The era of prevention of health, rather than cure of disease, has started.
Bassett CA. Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University, NY. Fundamental and practical aspects of therapeutic uses of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs).
The beneficial therapeutic effects of selected low-energy, time-varying magnetic fields, called PEMFs, have been documented with since 1973. Initially, this form of energy was used mainly as salvage for patients with long-standing nonunions. Many of these individuals were candidates for amputation. Their resistance to the usual forms of surgical treatment, including bone grafting, served as a reasonable control in judging the efficacy of this new therapeutic method. More recently, the biological effectiveness of this approach in augmenting bone healing has been confirmed by several highly significant double blind and controlled studies. Furthermore, double blind evidence of therapeutic effects in other clinical disorders has emerged. These data, coupled with well-controlled laboratory findings on pertinent mechanisms of action, have begun to place PEMFs on a therapeutic par with surgically invasive methods but at considerably less risk and cost.
Over the past decade, the number of publications has risen exponentially. They now include textbooks, speciality journals, regular reviews by government agencies, in addition to individual articles, appearing in the wide spectrum of scientific sources. In a recent review of the frontiers of biomedical engineering Dr. Garfield chose PEMFs from among other biomedical engineering efforts as an example of a rapidly emerging discipline.
This review focuses on the principles and practice behind the therapeutic use of “PEMFs”. This term is restricted to time-varying magnetic field characteristics that induce voltage waveform patterns in bone similar to those resulting from mechanical deformation. These asymmetric, broad-band pulses affect a number of biologic processes athermally. Many of these processes appear to have the ability to modify selected pathologic states in the musculoskeletal and other systems. PubMed.
C.A. Bassett; “Beneficial effects of electromagnetic fields”.
Selective control of cell function by applying specifically configured, weak, time-varying electromagnetic fields has added a new, exciting dimension to biology and medicine. Field parameters for therapeutic, pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMFs) were designed to induce voltages similar to those produced, normally, during dynamic mechanical deformation of connective tissues. As a result, a wide variety of challenging musculoskeletal disorders have been treated successfully over the past two decades. More than a quarter million patients with chronically ununited fractures have benefited, worldwide, from this surgically non-invasive method, without risk, discomfort, or the high costs of operative repair. Not only is efficacy supported by these basic studies but by a number of double blind trials. As understanding of mechanisms expands, specific requirements for field energetics are being defined and the range of treatable ills broadened. These include nerve regeneration, wound healing, graft behaviour, diabetes, and myocardial and cerebral ischemia (heart attack and stroke), among other conditions. Preliminary data even suggest possible benefits in controlling malignancy. PMID: 8496242 PubMed
Cossarizza et al.: ‘Effects of PEMF on the Proliferation of Lymphocytes from AIDS-Patients, HIV Sero-Positive Subjects, and Seronegative Drug Users,’ Department of Disease, University of Modena, Italy, J. Bio-electrics (USA) 1989. – The effect of PEMF on the replication of mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes in AIDS patients and a controlled group was investigated. It was found that cell division remained unchanged in the group of healthy subjects. In the AIDS patient group, an increase in active T lymphocytes was observed.
Wallach: ‘Electromagnetic Therapy – A New Medical Discipline,’ California Institutional Review Board, Canoga Park, California, 1998. – This article reviews various documented by studies, in addition to the traditional indications involving the motor system, mainly new possibilities such as supportive treatment by PEMF in the area of immunology and AIDS.
M.R. Cho et al.: ‘Regulation of Electric Field-Induced Macrophage Migration by Extra cellular Matrix,’ Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Boston. University of Chicago School of Medicine, Chicago. 1998. – This study has shown that phagocytes are stimulated by PEMF to much greater activity than was the case in the control group without PEMF
Rodin et al.: ‘Use of Low-Intensity Eddy Magnetic Field in the treatment of Patients with Skin Lymphomas’, Voen Med Zh, 317 (12), 1996, pp. 32-34
R.A. Drolet: ‘Thumart Therapy: A non-Invasive Cell Regeneration Ion and Anti-Inflammatory Therapy Using Electromagnetic Fields,’ Bioelectromagnetics Society, 4th Annual Meeting, Los Angeles. – The positive anti-inflammatory, cell-regenerating, sedative and pain-relieving effects of PEMF are described.
V.I. Kovalchuk, et al., ‘Use of Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields in Clinical Practice,’ Fizicheskaia Medtizina, 4 (1-2), 1994, p. 87. – The anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects of PEMF are emphasized.
R. Sandyk et al.: ‘Age-Related Disruption of Circadian Rhythms: Possible Relationship to Memory Impairment and Implications for Therapy with Magnetic Fields, ‘International Journal of Neuroscience, 59 (4), August 1991, pp. 259-262. – The circadian rhythm seems to be causally related to memory loss in the elderly and possibly also to Alzheimer’s disease. PEMF can probably improve memory performance in elderly patients by resetting the biological clock.
R. Sandyk: ‘Alzheimer’s Disease: Improvement of Visual Memory and Visuoconstructive Performance by Treatment with low intensity PEMF in Picotesla intensity ‘ International Journal of Neuroscience, 76 (3-4), June 1994, pp. 185ff. – Two Alzheimer’s patients showed a definite improvement after treatment with PEMF, especially in the visual memory and their drawing abilities. There were also improvements in other cognitive functions, in the ability of these patients to orient themselves in space, their mental/emotional condition, their ability to make social contact and their short-term memory.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
R. Bellosei, Berget: ‘Pulsating Electromagnetic Fields offer a Glimmer of Hope for Patients Suffering from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis,’ Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, June 8-13, 1997, Bologna, Italy. – This investigation reports on three patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis who responded positively to with PEMF. Definite clinical improvements were observed in these patients.
T.V Golovacheva: PEMF in Complex Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases, “mm Waves in Medicine and Biology”, 10th Russian Symposium with International Participation, April 24-26, 1995, Moscow, pp. 29-31
V.M. Bogoliubov, L.A. Skurikhina: “Therapeutic Application of Constant and Low-frequency Electromagnetic Fields,” – this review of various studies documented positive effects in the treatment of arterial aneurisms.
L.L. Orlow et al.: “Evaluation of Anti-anginal Effects of PEMF and Drug Therapy on the Physical Working Capacity and Hemodynamics in Patients with Stable Angina Pectoris,” Kardiologiia, February1992. – In this study the effect of PEMF and medication against angina pectoris and the combination therefore was investigated on 60 patients with stable first through third degree angina. A monotherapy (just one medication) with MDT had a good anti-anginal action on patients with class 1-2 angina pectoris. The efficacy of the treatment increased definitely when combined with several drugs.
T.A. Kniazeva, R. Artutiunian: “The Effect of PEMF and General Lodobromide Baths with the Presence of Molecular Iodine on the Blood Coagulation Processes and the Central Hemodynamics of Patients after an Aortocoronary Bypass,” Zeitschrift fur Kur- und Physiotherapie [Journal for Cure Therapy and Physical Therapy], 1990.
L.D. Makoeva et al., “PEMF in Treating Stenocardia,” Biofizika July-August, 1996, pp. 949-952. – This article reports on the use of PEMF in treatment of angina pectoris in combination with and without medication. The flow properties of the blood, the cardiac output and clinical symptoms were investigated. It was found that PEMF has a definite anti-anginal action on class 1 and 2 angina patients. With the combination with several drugs on class 3 angina patients, a stronger and better effect of the medications was observed. The incidence of heart attacks was clearly reduced.
G. Grantet al.: “Protection Against Focal Cerebral Ischemia Following Exposure to a Pulsed Electromagnetic Field,” Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford University, California, Bioelectromagnetics 1994. – This study shows that electromagnetic stimulation leads to more rapid healing and repair of damage to cerebral arteries. Studies on rats have shown a positive effect of pulsating electromagnetic fields in the treatment of strokes.
F.E. Gorbunov et al.: “The Effect of Combined Trans-cerebral Magnetic and PEMF on the Cerebral and Central Hemodynamic Status of Stroke Patients in the Early Rehabilitation Period,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult (3), May-June 1996, pp. 21-24. – These study results prove that treatment of apoplexy patients with PEMF in combination with a stimulus current in the early phase of rehabilitation yields the best results.
B. Baychev et al.: “Evaluating the Effect of PEMF on Vasculo-Vegetative and Motor Disorders in Stroke Patients,” Kurortol-Fizioter. 27/3 1990. – Thirty-five stroke patients were examined on the basis of various clinical test methods. After 15 days of treatment with PEMF an improved blood supply in both halves of the brain and a clinical improvement especially in the area of the hemiplegia were found. Motor abilities were restored more rapidly and the tendency to spastic symptoms was definitely reduced. PEMF was tolerated very well by the patients and proved to be quite beneficial both in the acute and subacute phases after a stroke.
R. Cadossi: “Protective Effect of Electro-magnetic Field Exposure on Acute Soft Tissue Ischemic Injury,” Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, June 8-13, 1997, Bologna, Italy. – Pulsating electromagnetic fields develop a protective mechanism against necrosis in acute ischemia. This experiment was proven on the brains of rats.
L.N. Budkar et al.: ‘Manetolaser Therapy in Treatment of Ischemic Heart Disease and Heart Rhythm Disorders,’ Doktor Lending, 4(3), 1996, pp. 10-13.
E.M. Vasi?eva et al.:’ The Effect of Low-Frequency Magnetic Field on Erythrocyte Membrane Function and on the Prostanoid Level in the Blood Plasma of Children with Parasystolic Arrhythmia,’ vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult (2), March-April 1994, pp. 18-20. – This study reports on the results obtained on 23 children with parasytolic arrhythmia who experienced an improvement with PEMF in both humoral and cellular processes which are involved in the regulation of the heart rhythm.
F. Petrossi: ‘The Effect f Low-Frequency Magnetic Field on Erythrocyte Membrane Function and on the Prostanoid Level in the Blood Plasma of Children with Parasytolic Arrhythmia,’
C. Wallach: “Electromagnetic Therapy. A New Medical Discipline,” California Institutional Review Board, Canoga Park, California, 1998. – This author shows that new areas of use for PEMF are opening up and more and more biological effects are being studies and documented by scientists. In addition to the known broad spectrum in injuries current studies on arteriosclerosis patients are showing a positive effect on atherosclerotic plaques.
R.T. Gor et al.: “Selective Resolution of Plaques and Treatment of Arteriosclerosis Biophysical Alteration of Cellular and Intracellular Properties,” Medical Hypotheses, 7(2) February 1981, p. 217. – In this article the new possibility of treatment arteriosclerosis by PEMF is discussed. Some of the atherosclerotic plaques that have already formed can be dissolved again without injuring the vessels.
Jacobson JI, Gorman R, Yamanashi WS, Saxena BB, Clayton L.
Institute of Theoretical Physics and Advanced Studies for Biophysical Research, Perspectivism Foundation, 2006 Mainsail Cir, Jupiter, USA.
Placebo-controlled, randomised, double blind clinical study to determine the effectiveness of low-amplitude, extremely low frequency magnetic fields on patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis. 176 patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups, the placebo group (magnet off) or the active group (magnet on). INTERVENTION: 6-minute exposure to each magnetic field signal using 8 exposure sessions for each treatment session, the number of treatment sessions totalling 8 during a 2-week period, yielded patients being exposed to uniform magnetic fields for 48 minutes per treatment session 8 times in 2 weeks. The range of magnetic field amplitudes used was from 2.74 x 10(-7) to 3.4 x 10(-8) G, with corresponding frequencies of 7.7 to 0.976 Hz. RESULTS: Reduction in pain after a treatment session was significantly (P < .001) greater in the magnet-on group (46%) compared to the magnet-off group (8%). CONCLUSION: Low-amplitude, extremely low frequency magnetic fields are safe and effective for treating patients with chronic knee pain due to osteoarthritis. PMID: 11565402 PubMed
E. Riva Sanseverino, A. Vannini, P. Castellacci: “Therapeutic effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields on joint diseases,” Panminerva Medica 34(4), October-December 1992, pp. 187196. – This study characterizes PEMF as an excellent physical measure for the treatment of joint diseases. The authors of this study report that PEMF, when used correctly and repeated periodically, can stop the disease process of the effected joints, with regard to the clinical condition. The best results are achieved in the treatment of pain.
T. Zizic et al.: “The treatment of rheumatoid arthritis of the hand with pulsed electromagnetic fields,” World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, June 1997, Bologna, Italy. – This double blind, placebo-controlled study investigates the effects of pulsating fields for a period of four weeks in the treatment of arthritis of the hand. The results show a definite clinical improvement in patients receiving magnetic field therapy in comparison with the control group without PEMF.
V.D. Grigor’eva et al.: “Therapeutic use of physical factors in complex therapy of patients with psoriatic arthritis,” Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult (6), 1995, pp. 48-51. – This study presents a review of the treatment of patients with psoriatic arthritis with low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields. It demonstrates a definite improvement in the clinical condition of the effected joints.
D.H. Trock et al.: “A double blind Trial of the Clinical Effects of PEMF in Osteoarthritis,” Journal of Rheumatology, 1993:20, pp. 456-460. – This double blind randomised study with 27 patients (primary arthrosis of the knee) is one of the most important research studies conducted in the field of PEMF. Six clinical parameters were investigated at different times during the treatment and an evaluation was carried out after one month. These results show a definite improvement in clinical parameters (such as mobility) in the group treated with PEMF in comparison with the group treated without PEMF. An important conclusion in this study is that for more than 17 years, more than 200,000 patients have already been treated in Eastern Europe with pulsating electromagnetic fields in clinical trials without any mentionable side effects. Observations in Eastern Europe on 861 patients with painful rheumatic changes have shown an improvement in symptoms in 70-80%.
F. Pezzetti et al.: “Effect of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Exposure of Human Chondrocytes in Vitro,” University of Ferrara, Italy, November 1998. – This study investigated the influence of pulsating electromagnetic fields on cartilage cells and demonstrated a definite increase in cartilage reconstruction under the influence of PEMF.
H. Lieu et al.: “PEMF Influences Hyaline Cartilage Extracellular Matrix Composition without Affecting Molecular structure,” Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 4, 1996, pp. 63-76. – This study represents and important step in scientific research into the positive effects of magnetic fields on arthrosis. It shows that PEMF influences cartilage metabolism and can prevent the degradation of glucosamine glycans. In some individual cases, cartilage mass has been regenerated.
L. Yarkiv et al.: “The use of Changeable Magnetic Field in Treatment of Osteoarthritis,” European Bioelectromagnetics Association, 3rd International Congress, February 29 – March 3, 1996, Nancy, France. – This controlled study on arthrosis patients has shown a definite improvement in the disease condition of patients treated with PEMF.
D.H. Trock et al.: “The Effect of PEMF in the Treatment of Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Cervical Spine. Report of Randomised, Double blind, Placebo-controlled Trials,” Journal of Rheumatology, 1994:21, pp. 1903-1911. – This study on 86 patients with arthrosis in the knee and 81 patients with arthrosis in the cervical spine has shown a definite difference between the PEMF group and the control group. The patients treated with PEMF show an improvement with a statistically significant difference in almost all clinical parameters.
The Herder Clinic in Bremen reports of four years of experience with PEMF in diseases and injuries of the supporting system and the motor system – An evaluation of 650 cases of arthrosis of the spinal column and peripheral joints found a reduction in pain in 60-70% of the cases.
K. Konrad et al.: “Therapy with PEMF in Aseptic Loosening of Total Hip Prostheses: A Prospective Study,” Budapest, Hungary, Clin. Rheumatol., July 1996. – PEMF was used on 24 patients with a loosened hip prosthesis. Follow-up examinations were performed after six months and after one year, showing that the patients treated with PEMF had experienced pain relief and a definite improvement in hip movements. The isotope scan and ultrasonic tests confirmed these positive results.
W.F. Kennedy et al.: “Use of PEMF in Treatment of Loosened Hip Prostheses. A Double blind Study,” Clin Orthop., January 1993 (286), pp. 198-205. – This study with 37 patients with cemented hip prostheses demonstrates that 53% of the loosened hip prostheses had fused again after six months of PEMF, whereas only 11% in the control group had a similarly positive effect.
Studies are currently carried out at three renowned German University Clinics. The studies were initiated after extremely positive preliminary.
G. Gualtieri et al.: “The Effect of PEMF Stimulation on Patients Treated of Hip Revisions with Trans-femoral Approach,” Second world Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine, June 8-13, 1997, Bologna, Italy. – This double blind study investigated the effect of PEMF on patients with loosened hip prostheses. The results demonstrate an increase in bone density with a stabilising effect on the prostheses in all patients treated with PEMF, whereas only about half those in the control group showed an increase in bone density.
” D. Foley-Nolan et al.: “Low Energy High Frequency Therapy for Persistent Neck Pain. Double blind Placebo-controlled Trial,” Bioelectromagnetics Society, 12th Annual, June 10-14, 1990, San Antonio, p. 73. – In this double blind, placebo-controlled study, the effects of low-energy pulsating electromagnetic electric fields on persistent back pain were investigated. Clearly positive results were demonstrated.